Games Marketplace - Odealo
0.00 Credits are the medium of exchange on Odealo.com
Credits have a fixed 1:1 exchange rate with US dollars (1 Credit = 1 USD)
(Click on the icon to view details)

Articles

Best Ammo in Escape from Tarkov

Best Ammo in Escape from Tarkov

Check out what's the best ammunition for every popular type of firearms in EfT

The Best Ammunition for Every Gun in The Escape From Tarkov
in-depth analysis and comparison

Introduction

Ballistics present in Escape From Tarkov are among the key aspects of the game, and they reflect real-life weapon, ammunition, and armor behaviors. Understanding ballistic mechanics of the EfT is vital for in-game success. Three main ballistic aspects of the Escape from Tarkov are projectile behavior in the air, projectile behavior when it enters the body, and how projectile is affected by armor.

Bullet flight in Escape from Tarkov is affected by things like muzzle velocity, bullet weight, air friction, bullet type(its shape and so on), and gravity. This means that the heavier and slower a bullet is, the larger its drop-off over distance will be (that is why your VSS is not that accurate at longer ranges).

The effect that a bullet has on the body is simulated at the point of impact. Damage done depends on an affected body part, bullet's distance traveled  before a hit, possible fragmentation, and a player position in reference to the shooter (bullets can penetrate multiple body parts for increased damage; for example, if a bullet hits your arm, pierces through it and then enters your chest cavity, you will suffer higher amounts of damage). Please note that Damage Dealt is based on an Ammunition type, and not on a Weapon!

Armor protects its wearer from taking damage when struck by certain bullet types, depending on its Armor Class. In Escape from Tarkov Armor can stop a bullet completely; when this happens a % of bullets damage is done to the durability of the armor (Armor's protection quality lowers gradually as it loses durability), and the player receives some amount of "blunt" damage - a result of the bullet's impact force. Every bullet type in the game has its Armor Penetration Value, the higher it is, the better chance for a penetrating hit it has. If a bullet penetrates the armor, it does its full damage to the body (unlike in other games, when armor reduces damage taken by some set percentile). This is why right ammunition choice is necessary for fighting heavily armored targets effectively.

This Guide aims to describe the best ammunition types of every caliber present in the Escape From Tarkov. There a lot of statistics listed down below, so here is a quick roundup of their meaning:

  1. Damage - The number of Hit Points subtracted from Targets Total HP Pool when a bullet manages to penetrate through Armor.
  2. Penetration - A number used to determine bullet's penetration chances, and damage inflicted to armor when it fails to penetrate.
  3. Armor Damage Ratio (%) - Percentage of Bullet's Damage that is done to Armor when it fails to penetrate.
  4. Effectiveness Against Armor -  How good a bullet is at penetrating certain types of armor. We have assumed that a Bullet is "Effective" against an Armor Class when it pierces said Armor Class with first 6 (or less) hits.
  5. And some other self-explanatory stuff.

Table of Contents​​​​​​

1. Rifle Ammunition
2. Personal Defence Weapons Ammunition
3. Shotgun Ammunition
4. Pistol Ammunition

 

Rifle Ammunition


.366 TKM
Compatible Weapons Vepr AKM/VPO-209
The Best Ammunition of This Caliber:
1. .366 TKM EKO
Damage ; Penetration ; Armor Damage Ratio(%) 65 ; 26 ; 20
Effectiveness Against Armor Effective against Class 3 Armor and Weaker
Where to Buy ; The initial price Skier (Loyalty Level 1) ; 97
Description - The best Cartridge of this Caliber, penetrates Class 3 Armor after ~6 shots.
2. .366 TKM FMJ
Damage ; Penetration ; Armor Damage Ratio(%) 71 ; 20 ; 25
Effectiveness Against Armor Effective against Class 2 Armor and Weaker
Where to Buy ; The initial price Skier (Loyalty Level 2) ; 42
Description - Penetrates Class 2 Armor easily, but is unreliable against Class 3 Armor.
3. .366 TKM Geksa
Damage ; Penetration ; Armor Damage Ratio(%) 77 ; 14 ; 45
Effectiveness Against Armor Effective against Class 2 Armor and Weaker
Where to Buy ; The initial price Skier (Loyalty Level 2) ; 57
Description - Penetrates Class 2 Armor after ~6 shots.

9×39mm
Compatible Weapons VSS Vintorez, AS VAL
The Best Ammunition of This Caliber:
1. 9×39mm 7n12 BP
Damage ; Penetration ; Armor Damage Ratio(%) 60 ; 44 ; 50
Effectiveness Against Armor Effective against Class 5 Armor and Weaker
Where to Buy ; The initial price Prapor (Loyalty Level 4 + Quest, Barter) ; 302
Description - Subsonic Round.  The strongest Cartridge of this Caliber penetrates Class 5 Armor after ~2 shots.
2. 9×39mm 7n9 SPP
Damage ; Penetration ; Armor Damage Ratio(%) 67 ; 38 ; 40
Effectiveness Against Armor Effective against Class 4 Armor and Weaker
Where to Buy ; The initial price Prapor (Loyalty Level 3, Barter) ; 289
Description - Subsonic Round. Strong against Armor up to Class 4, penetrating Class 5 requires ~9 shots.
3. 9×39mm sp6
Damage ; Penetration ; Armor Damage Ratio(%) 58 ; 38 ; 44
Effectiveness Against Armor Effective against Class 4 Armor and Weaker
Where to Buy ; The initial price Prapor (Loyalty Level 3) ; 215
Description - Subsonic Round. Very similar to 7n9 SPP, but has lower Fragmentation Chance.

7.62×54mmR
Compatible Weapons SV-98, Mosin
The Best Ammunition of This Caliber:
1. 7.62×54mmR SNB
Damage ; Penetration ; Armor Damage Ratio(%) 75 ; 62 ; 66
Effectiveness Against Armor Effective against Class 6 Armor and Weaker
Where to Buy ; The initial price Prapor (Loyalty Level 4) ; 375
Description - The strongest Cartridge of this caliber, has no problems dealing with Class 6 Armor.
2. 7.62×54mmR LPS Gzh
Damage ; Penetration ; Armor Damage Ratio(%) 84 ; 55 ; 59
Effectiveness Against Armor Effective against Class 6 Armor and Weaker
Where to Buy ; The initial price Prapor (Loyalty Level 1) ; 172
Description - Very strong projectile, penetrates Class 6 Armor after ~2 shots.
3. 7.62×54mmR 7N1
Damage ; Penetration ; Armor Damage Ratio(%) 86 ; 45 ; 64
Effectiveness Against Armor Effective against Class 6 Armor and Weaker
Where to Buy ; The initial price Prapor (Loyalty Level 3) 238
Description - Still solid ammunition choice, penetrating Class 6 Armor will take 6 shots on average.

7.62×51mm NATO
Compatible Weapons M700, DVL-10, SA-58, RSASS, M1A
The Best Ammunition of This Caliber:
1. 7.62×51mm M61
Damage ; Penetration ; Armor Damage Ratio(%) 70 ; 68 ; 63
Effectiveness Against Armor Effective against Class 6 Armor and Weaker
Where to Buy ; The initial price Peacekeeper (Loyalty Level 4 + Quest) ; 390
Description - The best ammunition choice for this caliber, pierces through ANY Armor with ease.
2. 7.62×51mm M62
Damage ; Penetration ; Armor Damage Ratio(%) 79 ; 54 ; 56
Effectiveness Against Armor Effective against Class 6 Armor and Weaker
Where to Buy ; The initial price Peacekeeper (Loyalty Level 3 + Quest) ; 275
Description - Solid Ammunition Choice, penetrating Class 6 Armor will take 3 shots on average.
3. 7.62×51mm M80
Damage ; Penetration ; Armor Damage Ratio(%) 78 ; 50 ; 49
Effectiveness Against Armor Effective against Class 6 Armor and Weaker
Where to Buy ; The initial price Peacekeeper (Loyalty Level 2), Skier (Loyalty Level 3) ; 178
Description - Respectable cartridge, piercing through Class 6 Armor takes around 6-7 shots.

7.62×39mm
Compatible Weapons OP-SKS, SKS, AKMSN, AKMS, AKMN, AKM, AK-104, AK-103, Vepr KM/VPO-136
The Best Ammunition of This Caliber:
1. 7.62×39mm BP
Damage ; Penetration ; Armor Damage Ratio(%) 46 ; 45 ; 48
Effectiveness Against Armor Effective against Class 5 Armor and Weaker
Where to Buy ; The initial price Prapor (Loyalty Level 3 + Quest) ; 299
Description - Strongest Ammunition of this caliber, pierces through Class 5 Armor after ~2 shots, and through Class 6 after ~9.
2. 7.62×39mm PS
Damage ; Penetration ; Armor Damage Ratio(%) 56 ; 32 ; 35
Effectiveness Against Armor Effective against Class 4 Armor and Weaker
Where to Buy ; The initial price Prapor (Loyalty Level 1) ; 83
Description - Much cheaper than BP, pierces Class 4 Armor after ~6 shots.
3. 7.62×39mm T45M
Damage ; Penetration ; Armor Damage Ratio(%) 58 ; 26 ; 34
Effectiveness Against Armor Effective against Class 3 Armor and Weaker
Where to Buy ; The initial price Prapor (Loyalty Level 2) ; 58
Description - Pierces through Class 3 Armor after ~2 Shots. Penetrating Class 4 Armor takes 15 shots on average.

5.56x45mm NATO
Compatible Weapons M4A1, HK 416A5, AK-102, AK-101, ADAR 2-15
The Best Ammunition of This Caliber:
1. 5.56x45mm M995
Damage ; Penetration ; Armor Damage Ratio(%) 42 ; 53 ; 41
Effectiveness Against Armor Effective against Class 6 Armor and Weaker
Where to Buy ; The initial price Peacekeeper (Loyalty Level 4) ; 345
Description - The most effective ammunition of this caliber, piercing through Class 6 Armor will take ~2 shots on average.
2. 5.56x45mm M856A1
Damage ; Penetration ; Armor Damage Ratio(%) 56 ; 34 ; 31
Effectiveness Against Armor Effective against Class 4 Armor and Weaker
Where to Buy ; The initial price Peacekeeper (Loyalty Level 2 + Quest) ; 182
Description - Quite effective armor-piercing ammunition, goes through Class 4 Armor after around 6 hits.
3. 5.56x45mm M855A1
Damage ; Penetration ; Armor Damage Ratio(%) 57 ; 31 ; 29
Effectiveness Against Armor Effective against Class 3 Armor and Weaker
Where to Buy ; The initial price Peacekeeper (Loyalty Level 3) ; 142
Description - The M855A1 penetrates Class 3 Armor with the 1st hit but is ineffective against the armor of Class 4 and above.

5.45×39mm
Compatible Weapons RPK-16, AKS-74UB, AKS-74UN, AKS-74U, AK-105, AKS-74N, AKS-74, AK-74N, AK-74M, AK-74
The Best Ammunition of This Caliber:
1. 5.45×39mm 7n39
Damage ; Penetration ; Armor Damage Ratio(%) 37 ; 62 ; 44
Effectiveness Against Armor Effective against Class 6 Armor and Weaker
Where to Get ; The initial price Drops from Scav Riders in The Lab ; n/a
Description - Very powerful, but rare cartridge, pierces through Class 6 Armor in one hit.
2. 5.45×39mm BS
Damage ; Penetration ; Armor Damage Ratio(%) 40 ; 50 ; 41
Effectiveness Against Armor Effective against Class 6 Armor and Weaker
Where to Buy ; the initial price Prapor (Loyalty Level 4) ; 380
Description -  The best readily available ammunition of this caliber, penetrating Class 6 Armor takes around 6 hits.
3. 5.45×39mm BT
Damage ; Penetration ; Armor Damage Ratio(%) 44 ; 33 ; 37
Effectiveness Against Armor Effective against Class 4 Armor and Weaker
Where to Buy ; The initial price Prapor (Loyalty Level 3 + Quest) ; 240
Description - Descent ammunition choice for this caliber, will penetrate Class 4 Armor with ~6th shot.

 

Personal Defence Weapons Ammunition


4.6×30mm HK
Compatible Weapons MP7A2, MP7A1
The Best Ammunition of This Caliber:
1. 4.6×30mm AP SX
Damage ; Penetration ; Armor Damage Ratio(%) 35 ; 46 ; 32
Effectiveness Against Armor Effective against Class 5 Armor and Weaker
Where to Buy ; The initial price Mechanic (Loyalty Level 4) ; 255
Description - Very good Armor-Piercing ammunition, pierces Class 5 Armor after ~2 hits.
2. 4.6×30mm Subsonic SX
Damage ; Penetration ; Armor Damage Ratio(%) 41 ; 34 ; 32
Effectiveness Against Armor Effective against Class 4 Armor and Weaker
Where to Buy ; The initial price Mechanic (Loyalty Level 3) ; 162
Description - Subsonic round. Descent ammo choice for MP7, piercing through Class 4 Armor will take 6 hits on average.
3. 4.6×30mm FMJ SX
Damage ; Penetration ; Armor Damage Ratio(%) 43 ; 30 ; 28
Effectiveness Against Armor Effective against Class 3 Armor and Weaker
Where to Buy ; The initial price Peacekeeper (Loyalty Level 3) ; 124
Description - Very effective against Class 3 Armor and weaker (penetrates with 1st hit).

 

Shotgun Ammunition


20×70mm
Compatible Weapons TOZ-106
The Best Ammunition of This Caliber:
1. 20×70mm Buckshot
Damage ; Penetration ; Armor Damage Ratio(%) 8×20 ; 3 ; 22
Effectiveness Against Armor Effective at Breaking Armor
Where to Buy ; The initial price Skier (Loyalty Level 1) ; 22
Description - Only Ammunition choice for TOZ-106, thanks to 8 pellets being fired with every shot it breaks Armor quite effectively at close ranges.

12×70mm
Compatible Weapons M870, Saiga-12, MP-153, MR-133
The Best Ammunition of This Caliber:
1. 12×70mm Slug
Damage ; Penetration ; Armor Damage Ratio(%) 165 ; 21 ; 48
Effectiveness Against Armor Effective against Class 2 Armor and Weaker
Where to Buy ; The initial price Skier (Loyalty Level 1), Prapor (Loyalty Level 1),
 Peacekeeper (Loyalty Level 1) ; 68
Description - Deals massive amounts of damage to Lightly (Class 2 or lower) Armored targets.
2. 12×70mm Buckshot
Damage ; Penetration ; Armor Damage Ratio(%) 8×32 ; 3 ; 20
Effectiveness Against Armor Effective at Breaking Armor
Where to Buy ; The initial price Skier (Loyalty Level 1), Prapor (Loyalty Level 1) ; 30
Description -  Works similarly to 20×70 Buckshot round.
3. 12×70mm RIP
Damage ; Penetration ; Armor Damage Ratio(%) 256 ; 2 ; 1
Effectiveness Against Armor Ineffective Against Armor
Where to Buy ; The initial price Skier (Loyalty Level 3 + Quest, Barter) ; 302
Description -  Radically Invasive Projectile (RIP) designed for anti-personnel usage. Causes devastating damage to organic tissues, but gets stopped by any Class of Armor.

 

Pistol Ammunition


9×21mm Gryurza
Compatible Weapons SR-1MP Gryurza
The Best Ammunition of This Caliber:
1. 9×21mm SP13
Damage ; Penetration ; Armor Damage Ratio(%) 58 ; 30 ; 33
Effectiveness Against Armor Effective against Class 3 Armor and Weaker
Where to Buy ; The initial price Prapor (Loyalty Level 4) ; 241
Description - Tracer Round, one of the best pistol cartridges in the game, pierces through Class 3 Armor in ~2 shots.
2. 9×21mm SP10
Damage ; Penetration ; Armor Damage Ratio(%) 45 ; 28 ; 32
Effectiveness Against Armor Effective against Class 3 Armor and Weaker
Where to Buy ; The initial price Prapor (Loyalty Level 4) ; 140
Description - Penetrating Class 3 Armor will take this round 6 hits on average.
3. 9×21mm SP11
Damage ; Penetration ; Armor Damage Ratio(%) 66 ; 12 ; 30
Effectiveness Against Armor Effective against Class 1 Armor
Where to Buy ; The initial price Prapor (Loyalty Level 3) ; 150
Description - Effective only against very lightly Armored and Unarmored targets.

9×19mm Parabellum
Compatible Weapons MPX, MP5, Vityaz-SN, PP-19-01, Saiga-9, GLOCK18C, GLOCK17, P226R, MP-433 "Grach"
The Best Ammunition of This Caliber:
1. 9×19mm PST gzh
Damage ; Penetration ; Armor Damage Ratio(%) 56 ; 18 ; 21
Effectiveness Against Armor Effective against Class 2 Armor and Weaker
Where to Buy ; The initial price Mechanic (Loyalty Level 1), Prapor (Loyalty Level 2),
Peacekeeper (Loyalty Level 2) ; 42
Description - The best 9×19mm Parabellum ammunition, but that is not saying much, effective against weakly armored targets.
2. 9×19mm PSO gzh
Damage ; Penetration ; Armor Damage Ratio(%) 63 ; 13 ; 20
Effectiveness Against Armor Effective against Class 1
Where to Buy ; The initial price Prapor (Loyalty Level 2), Peacekeeper (Loyalty Level 2) ; 34
Description - Subsonic Round. Punching through Class 2 Armor will take 15 shots on average.
3. 9×19mm Luger CCI
Damage ; Penetration ; Armor Damage Ratio(%) 70 ; 10 ; 25
Effectiveness Against Armor Effective against Class 1
Where to Buy ; The initial price Skier (Loyalty Level 4) ; 185
Description -  Weak and expensive ammunition, penetrating Class 2 Armor takes around 30 hits.

9×18mm Makarov
Compatible Weapons PP-9 "Klin", PP-91-01 "Kedr-B", PP-91 "Kedr", APB, APS, PB, PM(t), PM
The Best Ammunition of This Caliber:
1. 9×18mm PMM
Damage ; Penetration ; Armor Damage Ratio(%) 59 ; 8 ; 15
Effectiveness Against Armor Effective against Class 1 Armor
Where to Buy ; The initial price Prapor (Loyalty Level 3) ; 39
Description -  Makarov projectile with "increased" penetration ability, effective against very lightly armored targets.
2. 9×18mm PBM
Damage ; Penetration ; Armor Damage Ratio(%) 39 ; 8 ; 14
Effectiveness Against Armor Effective against Class 1 Armor
Where to Buy ; The initial price Prapor (Loyalty Level 2) ; 36
Description - "Armor Piercing" round, effective only against Class 1 Armor.
3. 9×18mm BZT gzh
Damage ; Penetration ; Armor Damage Ratio(%) 44 ; 8 ; 15
Effectiveness Against Armor Effective against Class Armor
Where to Buy ; The initial price Prapor (Loyalty Level 1) ; 26
Description - All-Steel bullet that pierces through Class 1 Armor in ~2 shots.

7.62×25mm Tokarev
Compatible Weapons TT
The Best Ammunition of This Caliber:
1. 7.62×25mm PST gzh
Damage ; Penetration ; Armor Damage Ratio(%) 50 ; 19 ; 20
Effectiveness Against Armor Effective against Class 2 Armor and Weaker
Where to Buy ; The initial price Prapor (Loyalty Level 3) ; 70
Description - Steel-Core bullet able to penetrate Class 2 Armor in ~2 shots.
2. 7.62×25mm PT gzh
Damage ; Penetration ; Armor Damage Ratio(%) 60 ; 12 ; 24
Effectiveness Against Armor Effective against Class 1 Armor
Where to Buy ; The initial price Prapor (Loyalty Level 2) ; 63
Description - Tracer Round, penetrating Class 2 Armor with it will take ~25 shots.
3. 7.62×25mm P gl
Damage ; Penetration ; Armor Damage Ratio(%) 58 ; 10 ; 16
Effectiveness Against Armor Effective against Class 1 Armor
Where to Buy ; the initial price Prapor (Loyalty Level 2) ; 52
Description - TT round effective against Light Body Armor.

 

END NOTE

Do note that there are a lot more ammunition types available in the game, and describing them all would take unbelievable amounts of time, so we have chosen the best ones for each Caliber. We hope that this guide will help you chose the best ammunition types for your favorite weapons in The Escape from Tarkov. If you have any suggestions, please share them with us in the comment section below.

Pictures used in this article are the intellectual property of the Battlestate Games.